The land was acquired at a cost of Rs 206 crore, when the current market valuation was Rs 738 crore. The emergency provisions were misused during the reign of both the Congress (1995-2000) and the incumbent Biju Janata Dal, in power since 2000.
Under Section 5 of the Act, land can be acquired under emergency grounds, provided the purpose for such acquisition is achieved within six months from the date of notification. Funds available for public purposes would lapse if not spent within the prescribed timeline.
The central auditor, however, observed that in the case of these 20 companies, none of the emergency grounds were fulfilled. The audit scrutiny was in respect of 92 of 225 test-checked cases. In all the 92 cases, the state’s land acquisition agency, Odisha Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation, recommended application of emergency provisions by citing a generic reason that the projects would be executed on a priority basis.
“In respect of acquisition of 4,370 acres in 58 cases, the revenue and disaster management department took six to 34 months for issue of order for acquisition under Section 7, indicating there was actually no necessity for invoking the emergency provision and the public purpose to be achieved. In the acquisition of 1,241 acres for two industries, the entire land remained unutilised/vacant (as of March 2013) even after four to five years of handing over (July 2008 to March 2009), diluting the necessity for invoking the emergency provision,” said the report.
It noted the land owners were deprived of the rights to contest the acquisition and protect their property, due to inappropriate application of the emergency provision.